Summary of an article looking at the changes in young male elite Olympic weightlifters after 5 months of training.
13 male elite weightlifters aged 13.2 ± 1.3 years with an average of 3.5 years of experience (Germany).
- 3 pre-peak height velocity athletes
- 7 circa-peak height velocity athletes
- 5 post-peak height velocity athletes
Single-group repeated measures study over 5 months (2 macrocycles: 9 and 11 weeks).
- anthropometry (standing and sitting body height, body mass, BMI)
- body composition (lean body mass, relative fat mass, lean upper and lower limb mass)
- physical fitness (isometric handgrip strength, drop-jump height, countermovement jump height, drop-jump contact time, drop-jump reactive strength index, dynamic balance)
- sport-specific performance (snatch, clean-and-jerk, total)
Over the 5 months:
- athletes trained 4.6 ± 1.2 sessions per week. Total sport-specific training volume increased.
- only BMI and upper limb lean mass stayed unchanged.
- body height, body mass, lean body mass, lower limb lean mass increased.
- fat mass decreased.
- grip strength, countermovement jump height, drop-jump height, balance did not change.
- drop-jump contact time decreased, and reactive strength index increased.
- both snatch and clean-and-jerk results increased, on average 16kg more in total score.
Take home message
Chaabene H, Prieske O, Lesinski M, Sandau I, Granacher U. Short-term seasonal development of anthropometry, body composition, physical fitness, and sport-specific performance in young olympic weightlifters. Sports. 2019 Dec;7(12):242.