Summary of an article looking at two ways of teaching Olympic weigthlifting lifts (snatch and clean) using forward or backward chaining, and comparing which one is more effective for novice lifters.
4 novice lifters (USA).
Intervention study with random assignement to treatments (teaching methods). Training 45-60 minutes (10 minutes warm-up, 30 minutes drills, 5 minutes testing), 3 days per week for 2 months
- power snatch/clean
- bottom to top (forward chaining): deadlift -> pull -> power snatch/clean -> squat
- top to bottm (backward chaining): squat, power snatch/clean, pull, deadlift
Patric and Valerie
- snatch: bottom to top (forward chaining)
- clean: top to bottom (backward chaining)
Lee and George
- snatch: top to bottom (backward chaining)
- clean: bottom to top (forward chaining)
- video recording of sessions and feedback using Ubersense
- scoring which elements of the lifts (snatch and clean) were performed correctly on developed checklist (27 elements):
- setup/stance - 7 elements
- first pull - 8 elements
- second pull - 6 elements
- third pull - 4 elements
- finish - 2 elements
- ‘Bottom to top’ way of teaching Olympic weightlifting elicited higher mastery scores that ‘top to bottom’ way in novice lifters.
Take home message
Moore JW, Quintero LM. Comparing forward and backward chaining in teaching Olympic weightlifting. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 2019 Feb;52(1):50-9.