Summary of a review article on characteristics of injuries in Olympic weightlifting and powerlifting.
Competitive 663 Olympic weightlifters (at least 108 females) and 472 powerlifters (females: 50, males: 422) without disability.
Systematic review of 9 observational studies (weightlifting 6, powerlifting 4).
- injury prevelence
- injury incidence
- 2.4-3.3 injuries per 1000 hours of training
- most common localizations of injuries: low back, knee, shoulder, wrist, neck
- mainly muscle and tendon injuries
- 20-60% acute injuries, 25-30% overuse injuries
- 90% of injuries do not cause athletes to rest for more than a day. Only 0.5% of injuries required rest for more than 3 weeks.
- 1.0-4.4±4.8 injuries per 1000 hours of training
- most common localizations of injuries: shoulder, low back, elbow, knee, chest
- mostly muscle pulls, tendonitis and cramps
- 20-60% were acute injuries, 25% chronic
- 20% injuries required the athlete to rest for more than a week.
- on average the athletes were forced to rest for 11.5 days after the injury.
For comparison, injuries in other sports:
- tack and field: 3.6 injuries per 1000 hours
- alpine skiing: 1.7 injury per 1000 hours
- American football: 9.6 injuries per 1000 hours
- wrestling: 5.7 injuries per 1000 hours
Take home message
Aasa U, Svartholm I, Andersson F, Berglund L. Injuries among weightlifters and powerlifters: a systematic review. British journal of sports medicine. 2017 Feb 1;51(4):211-9.